New Jeep Review

ORIGIN OF THE NAME "JEEP"

Tuesday, 23 July 2013

ORIGIN OF THE NAME "JEEP"

Jeep started as Willys-Overland Company in 1908 and was founded by John North Willys.

In 1919 Walter Chrysler assumed the vice presidency to assist inthe reorganization of the company.

In 1921 Walter Chrysler went to found the Chrysler Corporation.

ORIGIN OF THE NAME "JEEP"

In 1963 the company was purchased by Henry Kaiser, the namewas changed to Kaiser-Jeep and seven years later joined as theJeep Division of American Motors.

In 1987 Chrysler acquired American Motors, including Jeep. Todaymanufacture three lines Jeep models.

ORIGIN OF THE NAME "JEEP"

ORIGIN OF THE NAME "JEEP"


Even after so many from birth, the origin of the name Jeep is unknown. Many claim that the cartoon series "Popeye" and a character "Eugene the Jeep" that could overcome any obstacle, is responsible for the name.

Others believe that the name Jeep was used in Oklahoma, in 1934,to designate a truck used for the extraction of oil and hence comesthe name of the brand.

However, the story with greater force in establishing the origin of the name, is the evil pronouncement stands for General Purpose (allpurpose): Gee Pee English.

In different parts of the world the vehicle was given other names and nicknames. The Russians called it "The Goat", the Russian equivalent to the expression "go through anywhere." Mexican troopsgave the name of "cockroach". It happened that there was aChinese word that sounded like Jeep and meaning "Man Recio", sothat the Chinese had an appropriate nickname for the vehicle,without having to invent it.

The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War (part 3)

The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War




CJ-7


The CJ-7 model was introduced to the market in 1976, more than 379.299 were manufactured during its 11 years of production. The Jeep CJ-7 had a 10-inch wheel base longer than the CJ-5 and lacked the characteristic curve of the CJ-5 on the door. Unlike the CJ-5 CJ-7 had a chassis comprised of two parallel rails longitudinal section C. The rear portion of the chassis of CJ-7 is wider to accommodate such springs and dampers closest outside the vehicle body and thereby improve its handling and stability. The CJ-7 introduced the option of a new automatic transmission with four-wheel drive called Quadra-Trac as a transfer case two-speed manual and automatic transmission. Other options included a hardtop and steel doors. The CJ-7 was also comerciaizaron Renegade and Laredo versions, distinguishable by their different body decals. The Laredo model had leather bucket seats high, adjustable steering shaft and drawn chrome accessories package that included fenders, radiator grille, mirrors and wheel rim.


There was also the option of incorporating Tral-Lok rear differential. The gear ratio of the rear axle was 3.54 initially but subsequently dropped to 2.73. Differential ratios varied depending on engine incorporating the Jeep. Diesel engine employing 145 cu in the proportion of 4.10 rear axle (both as in Laredo Renegade), both of 258 cu in I6 as the four-cylinder 150 cu in employing a ratio of 3.73 while the AMC V8 304 cu in (produced between 1976 and 1981 as the Golden Eagle version) used a ratio of 3.55.

Between 1976 and 1980 the CJ-7 was equipped with a Dana 20 transfer case, Dana 30 front differential (with gear teeth 27 or 31) and a rear differential 29 AMC 20 teeth. The rear differential was changed to a Dana 44 from 1986 and all models of the CJ-7 produced from 1980 incorporated the robust Dana 300 transfer case.

Jeep Wrangler

The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War

Aesthetically, the CJ-7 is the closest ancestor to the Jeep Wrangler, first introduced in 1987 when AMC was acquired by Chrysler Corporation. This Jeep SUV was powered by the legendary PowerTech I6 AMC 242 inline 6 with 190 hp and 220 lb / ft. of torque and features incorporated early models more radical than CJ's, to be offered with more luxurious interior and partially derived from his contemporary Cherokee XJ. However, many faithful to the tradition of the CJ's are in rectangular headlights Wrangler a small loss of authenticity and classicism, taken in 1997 with the reform aesthetics Wrangler and maintained today by the new Wrangler 2007 and the first version in 4 doors of this authentic Jeep Wrangler Unlimited 2007.

The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War (part 2)




In 1954 appears the Jeep CJ-5, a completely different version to the CJ-3B, whose design was based on the M38A1 developed in 1952 for the Korean War. Fenders incorporated much larger front and surround speakers, and is the Jeep produced longer, reaching 600,000 units worldwide in a continuous production of 30 years. In 1965 he took the first significant step in offering a V-6 engine of 155 hp (117kW), and in 1970 it was the first version Renegade, renewed in 1971 as Renegade II, other versions were Tuxedo Park, Camper, 462 , Super Jeep and Golden Eagle. This Jeep is therefore one of the most popular ATVs twentieth century. A version unpopular was the CJ-6, a CJ-5 with longer wheelbase which allowed more interior space and that at some point also came to be offered under the name Toxedo Park.



The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War

Much has been speculated about the existence of a CJ-4, the model between the CJ-3B and the first models of CJ-5. Indeed it was an experimental vehicle and apparently the first to bring the Hurricane engine. His appearance is really between the CJ-3B with fenders straight and narrow, with rounded front incorporated the CJ-5, so its front design is completely unique and different. Mechanically it was very similar to the M38A1 and especially the CJ-3B, for long remained an unsolved mystery since no one could testify that this really existed "intermediate Jeep" and the only evidence of the time showed it two photographs as Experimental Willys vehicle X-151. Finally in 1997 came to light the only CJ-4 that exists today. The experimental vehicle was purchased by the Chief Engineer of the Willys chassis section, “Miguel Odorica”, to mid-fifties. He used it on his farm for a long time and when he died in 1977, the Jeep was taken over by John Milam who kept it for several years. Currently on a detailed restoration by a Jeep collector.

CJ-7

 
The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War_ CJ7

After CJ-5, CJ came last was the CJ-7 that appeared in 1976. His extraordinary market introduction made the company AMC (Jeep owner then) focus all their efforts on this vehicle production and its version Pick-up long-wheelbase, the CJ-8 Scrambler, so the CJ-5 began their way to retirement in 1982. Incorporated a completely new board and finished first in plastic, moving towards modern trends, other reforms included steeper angles aesthetic in their accustomed curves doors in the gates of the CJ-5, and a molded hardtop factory removable body and steel doors. AWD was available with four-wheel Quadra-Trac (optionally) that was an option not necessarily characterized by its strength, but it was available its traditional 4X4 transfer case, and with different engines, including a V8. The CJ-8 version was not available with Quadra-Trac transfer case had traditional manually operated hooks, and like the CJ-7, was available with two mechanical boxes of 4 or 5-speed automatic and optional 3 gears.


The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War

The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War

The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War

 

CJ Series

At the end of the war, Willys-Overland began considering making the Jeep to agricultural tasks. The result was the first Jeep Universal in 1945, ushering in what the company called Agrijeep creating variants known by the acronym CJ: Civilian Jeep. The first CJ was the CJ-2A, the civilian version of the successful military model Willys M38, modified with luxuries like cargo door, wipers, external fuel tank, rear hook for attaching farm implements, a gearbox and other reforms improved. This incorporated the famous Jeep front grille openings 7 language remains Jeep brand, like round headlamps, trapezoidal fenders, and exceptional performance in difficult terrain (the Willys MB World War II were 9 openings its front grille).

The CJ-2A :

The Jeep CJ Series : After the Second World War
The CJ-2A models produced from 1945-1949, gave way to the CJ-3A, which used the same engine as its predecessor “Go Devil” (4 cylinder, 2195cc displacement, 60 hp, and 105 lb / ft of torque motor) so that both models are classified as "low cover". The differences lay in cosmetic reforms, including an undivided windshield and wipers with one or two at the bottom, were increased diameters of shafts for increased power transmission capacity and increased capacity for agricultural and additional accessories this end, a tractor version was offered to the public and production CJ-3A model lasted until 1953 with the appearance of the CJ-3B. Utilitarian versions were available as from 1959y 1964 DJ-3A Surrey Gala (marquee holiday release with the intention of being sold to roost and resorts), Hardtop (cabin version which had only two-wheel drive and offered the lever changes beside the helm and a longer wheelbase) and Dispatcher (a short version Hardtop).

The CJ-3B :


The CJ-3B was the first model of "high cap", as the engine cover had to undergo changes in order to accommodate the new Hurricane engine (4 cylinder, 2195 cc displacement, 71 hp, and 114 lb / ft of torque), which was essentially the same but changing the Go Devil L distribution valve, by a distribution of F, causing the intake valve to remain further away from the engine block, allowing it to be longer that the exhaust valve, which resulted in increased power output in relation to the basic design of the engine using the same engine and architecture. Also incorporated a 4X4 transfer case much quieter. For this reason the front grille is much higher, and production continued until 1968. Jeep is the most numerously produced in the world, as several companies have reproduced under license yet so far.


Jeep's story begins in 1941

Monday, 22 July 2013

Jeep's story begins in 1941


Jeep's story begins in 1941

Jeep's story officially begins in 1941 when Ford and Willys-Overland Jeep began manufacturing vehicles at its plants in Ohio, USA.  It was in 1938 when he planned how he would be the Jeep. In 1940 the U.S. Army asked American vehicle manufacturers to submit offers for a small vehicle with four-wheel drive that could be used for different tasks and missions, with outstanding performance capabilities, stability, autonomy, reliability and maintenance. This request was made more urgent when the Axis forces began to gain victories in Europe and North Africa, for which the U.S. military would accept only proposals that could be completed within a period of 49 days.

The U.S. government's original specifications were as follows: maximum weight of 1,310 pounds (594.20 kg), four-wheel drive, a wheelbase of less than 2,032 mm and a wheelbase of less than 1.193 mm, the minimum distance the floor should be of 158 mm and should be capable enough to carry 605 lb (274.42 kg) in weight without overheating the engine to go at low speeds.
 

Jeep's story begins in 1941


Bantam engineer Karl Probst commissioned the design of the new vehicle that would later become the legendary Jeep. Probst began work on July 17, 1940 and completed the original plans in just two days. Bantam gave the army the envelope with vehicle designs on July 22, Bantam curiously stated that the vehicle complied with the required specifications but actually exceeded the weight limit.

Completed his first prototype Bantam handmade the September 21, 1940, meeting within 49 days. The army vehicle subjected to various tests on routes totaling more than 5,500 km, of which only 400 were paved. They concluded that the vehicle showed a great power and met the requirements of the U.S. Army.
 
Jeep's story begins in 1941


Delmar "Barney" Roos, owner of Willys-Overland, gave a positive to offer Willys rejected saying "it is impossible for any vehicle to be strong with a weight of 1300 pounds." He explained that the greatest HJ Lawes, the officer in charge of procurement and contracts Camp Holabird and suggested that Willys-Overland built his own model to test pilot. It also helped that the army left aford and Willys "inspect" the Bantam model, improving both brands their models, looking suspiciously ran Bantam prototype.



Jeep's story begins in 1941 (part 2)



Jeep's story begins in 1941
Due to technical and financial constraints of Bantam, the Army gave Willys-Overland and Ford Motor Company Bantam's original plans, in order to submit their own prototypes. Willys introduced the "Quad", and Ford introduced the "Pygmy", incorporating modifications to the original design Bantam was finally weighing 2030 lbs (1044.09 kg). The Willys Quad exceeded specified initial weight too because they had a better engine which became known as the famous Go Devil. This proved advantageous for Willys as the weight limit was increased to 2,160 lb (979.75 kg), which was the only Quad prototype entirely satisfy the requirements of the army: their crushing 105 lb / ft of torque exceeded the torque applied and was far superior to the 83 lb / ft of torque offered by Bantam and 85 lb / ft of torque Deford prototype.

Jeep's story begins in 1941
Taking prototypes of the three companies, the Army placed an order for 4,500 vehicles, 1,500 to each of them, to test them in the field. Roos team began working to lighten the Quad. It completely dismantled and analyzed each of the parts to see whether there is the possibility of using a lighter material in one of them. When finished, the Jeep only exceeded in 7 ounces weight required.
Delivery of the 4,500 vehicles began in June 1941 and the army decided they needed to choose a design fits all. Finally we chose the Willys design (Go-devil engine mechanical solutions Bantam) with some modifications incorporating features Ford and Bantam. In July 1941, Willys was awarded a contract for 16,000 vehicles. That same year, the Quartermaster Corps Willys-Overland army ordered to spend her designs Ford to increase production.

During World War II, Willys-Overland and Ford produced 600,000 Jeeps, Willys produced more than 368,000 and the little Bantam only 2,675, most of which were ceded to Britain and the Soviet Union as a result of the Lend-Lease Act (Bantam ceased production just before the Japanese attack aPearl Harbor).
When they created the first Jeep was not what today is known as 4x4 segment in the field of utility. The main customers of the Jeep were the Allied Forces who tried to impose peace in a world torn apart by the battles of World War II. It was designed as the replacement for the motorcycle used to carry messages between the various units of the U.S. Army, however, only a few of the first Jeep vehicles manufactured until 1945 remained in the United States. Instead, hundreds of thousands of these vehicles were sent to Europe, Africa and the Pacific.



The Willys Jeep in Colombia

The Willys Jeep in Colombia



The Willys Jeep in Colombia
 
In Colombia this vehicle came in the year 1946, which was acquired by growing coffee elite who saw this car had the qualities necessary for loading of coffee and other agricultural products. In this area of ​​Colombia is known as the "mechanical mules" because of its important work for farmers. Early versions concession came Colombian Defense Ministry and that it was Willys M38's or CJ-2A's, so they are known by the name of "Minguerras". However, the popularity of the Jeep in this region extends to models and CJ-3B CJ-5, plus several replica models as the CJ-6 have occurred intermittently for several years.

The Willys Jeep in Colombia

In the cities of Armenia and Calarca in Quindio, they have opened several categories which recognized and rewarded by the best contest "yipaos" as they are called in this region, which owes its progress to this great car for its exceptional engine-torque ratio, the distribution of the relations in the gearbox, with its 4-wheel drive, and its mechanical and aesthetic simplicity.

The Willys Jeep in Colombia

These vehicles are part of the culture then hundreds of families engaged in the cultivation of coffee, so you are fond of customizing their own with embellishments and flashy accessories to a large number of occasions including religious images. The understanding of these vehicles is such that in the region states that all items of a house campesiana, sometimes including their members, must be able to be transported by a single Jeep.

Of course its use is not limited exclusively to the coffee (mainly composed of the departments of Risaralda, Caldas, Quindio and southern Antioquia) due to the uneven topography of Colombia, which sometimes requires vehicles to withstand all kinds of difficult situations get around to cars that do not necessarily have all the capabilities of a Jeep.

In February 2006 broke the Guinness World Records in the city of Calarca (Quindio) with the "Caravan longer auto-brand" (Longest Jeep Parade), a category that was created especially for the record, with a total of more of 370 vehicles Willys CJ's models involving up to 1979, with at least 50 percent of its original parts.


Jeep in Argentina

Jeep in Argentina





Jeep in Argentina
The first Jeep's were imported by the Argentine army after the Second World War and had no major civil use (except in a few movies and a very few units).

With the installation of Kaiser in Argentina, they decided in 1956 to industrialize the Jeep in Argentina and manufacture under license by Kaiser Industries Argentina, along with a multitude of derivatives such "Estanciera IKA" (Willys Overland Station Wagon), and some local developments as the Baqueano (pickup version), utility (factory bodywork van version) and the Jeep Freighter (Skeletal chassis or semi-bodied) which produced 589 units.
Jeep in Argentina_ Jeep Gladiator

Then come the Jeep Gladiator pickup manufactured locally until the mid 70's, when Renault acquired stake completely Kaiser Industries Argentina and focuses on its brand production plant of Santa Isabel, Cordoba Province. Similarly, the Argentine army used the IKA and kept the old Willys imported in the late 40's and even the 50's and it is common in some encounters certain concentrations or Willys of various years.

After several years without major participation in 1996 built a new factory in Cordoba, more precisely in the vicinity of the capital city of the Mediterranean province, in Ferreyra, which produce the Jeep Cherokee and Grand Cherokee until late 2000, when decided to close the plant because of the merger that took place long before (1998) between the Chrysler and Daimler-Benz. So focused industrial activity in the Mercedes-Benz plant in Gonzalez Catan and the following year it was decided to import from Austria Jeep range (except the Wrangler from the United States of America).


Jeep in Europe

Jeep in Europe

Jeep in Europe
The acceptance of the Jeep as civil work vehicle, had already begun before the decade of the fifties. When they could not use them, or when repair was not practical, thousands of these vehicles were sold and provided transportation to farms and small businesses across Europe. The Jeep was sometimes the only vehicle that could have a lack of new cars and vans.
Jeep in Europe
Designed to be repaired quickly in the field, were easy to handle and cheap to repair. Keep up was one of the reasons that made her turn to open the Volkswagen factory in Wolfsburg, Germany en1945. As a repair depot, run by the British Army, his job was keeping vehicles allied forces. In France, Hotchkiss, a manufacturer of highly respected quality cars, created a division dedicated to the repair of Jeep vehicles for sale to the public. He soon be overwhelmed by demand and start manufacturing under license the Universal Jeep, abandoning their own models of cars in 1954 to concentrate on the Jeep and trucks.
Jeep in Europe
Other European manufacturers simply copied the formula Jeep. In Britain, for example, the original prototype of Land Rover, was based on many key components of the Jeep, as axles and body frame even used the same wheelbase, 80 inches. Fiat produced its own "Jeep" with Campagnola series that looked very similar. Even the sports car manufacturer Alfa Romeo has created a vehicle that looks like the Jeep, the 1900 AR-52.
Jeep in Europe

Europe would have to wait until 1994 before we can have a genuine Jeep itself. The Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch  began assembling the first generation of Jeep Grand Cherokee factory in Graz in a joint venture with Chrysler. At that time, the 100 containers a day coming from the United States to Austria by sea and rail were the largest shipment made in Europe.

The origins of the name jeep

The Origins of the Name Jeep

 
There are several versions about the origin of the name of "Jeep". The most accepted is from the cartoon of the 1930's, Popeye the Sailor, which featured a character named Eugene the Jeep, one yellow pet like a dog with supernatural powers,  and American soldiers attributed these powers to the Jeep. During World War II, this version is accompanied by a less imaginative, which attributes the name to the initials GP, General Purpose, under which the U.S. Army organized the competition to provide themselves with a small four-wheeled utility vehicle. The reason why these versions are confused and debate is ultimately the way it is written: It is said that the Jeep name pronunciation is reduced to the acronym G. P, namely Pi Yi. However, as the character of Popeye the Sailor Jeep used the name as you type the name of the brand, and also this nice character communicated only through the repetition of "jeep jeep", finally I usually attribute the origin of name.

The late General George C. Marshall defined the Jeep as "the greatest contribution of the United States of America to modern military operations." In fact, the history of the Second World War is also the story of the early years of Jeep, since after 1941 participated in every campaign as a vehicle machine gun scout car, ambulance, truck, limousine for the front, transport ammunition, machine for laying wires and taxi.

In the Ardennes during the Battle of the Bulge, (1944-1945), the Jeep 4x4 busy with stretchers loaded with soldiers wounded, ran ahead salvation was delEjército Nazi.

In the desert of Sahara, in the jungles of New Guinea, and the snowy fields of Iceland, Jeep vehicles dragged 37 mm anti-tank guns to the battlefield.
In Egypt, Great Britain used a Jeep vehicles patrol the SAS and LRDG to knock out the trucks of supplies were en route to the forces of Rommel, the eve of the battle of El Alamein.

At Guadalcanal, the vehicles Jeep accompanied the U.S. Marines.

The name Jeep earned such prestige that the June 13, 1950 Willys-Overland trademarked it international trade. Today the brand is owned by Chrysler LLC, Chrysler Corporation since acquired American Motors (AMC), the successor to Willys-Overland in 1987.

Currently the Jeep is used in various parts of America and the world as a fun vehicle in which different clubs compete for different obstacles and different routes of rivers, deserts, rocks, etc.., And this sport one of the most extreme vehicles and well known in the United States.

WRANGLER (TJ) STORY

Saturday, 20 July 2013


WRANGLER (TJ) STORY




Considered the ultimate escape vehicle. The 1997 model of the Jeep Wrangler (TJ) offered preferred outstanding on-road handling and legendary off-road capability. The new 1997 Jeep Wrangler won the prestigious "4x4 of the Year".


The new Wrangler had a retro look, very similar to the CJ-7, but was very different from the mechanical point of view. Almost 80 percent of the vehicle parts were newly designed. Starting with basic Wrangler platform, the Jeep engineers overhauled the most complete since evolved into the MB Quad.

WRANGLER (TJ)

The biggest change in the engineering of TJ was the new Quadra-Coil suspension, replacing the standard springs and offered a ride on the road much better. The road capabilities were enhanced with higher ground clearance and angles of approach and departure more aggressive. The TJ also had a new interior that included airbags for driver and passenger.

The TJ retained several classic Jeep features such as round headlights (not square) folding windshield (first seen in 1940) and removable doors, plus the option of a soft top or removable hard top. A factory-fitted sport bar was also standard. The engine is the same AMC TJ 4.0L 6-cylinder used in the Cherokee and Grand Cherokee.

WRANGLER (TJ)

TJ Wrangler line received rave reviews since its debut and has proven to be an extremely adaptable vehicle, with a growing variety of aftermarket performance parts available.

In 2003, Jeep introduced the Wrangler brand most capable of all time: Rubicon. The Wrangler Unlimited debuted in 2004 with a longer wheelbase, 13 inches more cargo room and more comfortable road handling.

JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE (ZJ), GRAND WAGONEER, GRAND CHEROKEE (ZJ) and GRAND CHEROKEE (WJ)


HISTORY of :

JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE (ZJ), GRAND WAGONEER, GRAND CHEROKEE (ZJ) and  GRAND CHEROKEE (WJ)




JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE (ZJ) STORY


Jeep  Grand Cherokee (ZJ) celebrates its appearance by crashing through the window of the congress center of American International Auto Show in Detroit during its introduction in Jan. 7, 1992. The Grand Cherokee Wagoneer replaced as a midsize luxury SUV - a design class many manufacturers rush to imitate.

The first SUV equipped with side airbag driver, new standards for the handling, maneuverability and comfort in  SUV. The Grand Cherokee was immediately popular and has won dozens of awards, including Motor Trend Truck of the Year, four-wheel review of the year and 4Wheel &  Off-Road magazine (2003).

New for '93, the 105, 9-inch wheelbase Grand Cherokee took the Cherokee levels of refinement to a new level. A new suspension Quadra-Coil feature coil / multilink configuration, a 5.2L V8 engine is optional, and a Dana 44 rear axle was available for some models.

ZJS originated in three trim options: Laredo, Base and Limited. Specialty models for Orvis (1995-1997), with a limited color scheme of hunter green with gold stripes measure. Its interior sported two-tone green, champagne  seats complimented with red accents and Orvis badging.


HISTORY of GRAND WAGONEER

The Jeep  Grand Wagoneer ZJ was a rare version of the Grand Cherokee, which was only offered in 1993. It was a top-of-the-line package that offers all the ZJ options, including V8, and a look that harkened back to the recently deceased Grand Wagoneer SJ. It has been proposed as a completely separate model, the wood grain side which distinguishes.


GRAND CHEROKEE ( refreshed ZJ) STORY


The Grand Cherokee has replaced the Grand Wagoneer as a midsize luxury SUV - a design class many manufacturers rush to imitate.

Updated with more than 40 major progress, the 1996 Jeep  Grand Cherokee wins Again "4x4 of the Year" and "Four Wheeler of the Year".

In 1998, the legend continues with the introduction of the fastest and most powerful vehicle Jeep  ever: the 1998 Jeep Grand Cherokee 5.9L Limited.


GRAND CHEROKEE (WJ) STORY


In 1999, the All-New Grand Cherokee (WJ ) debuted as "the most capable SUV of all time" and has won major 4x4 competitions.

The revised GRAND CHEROKEE  WJ was totally redesign and has performed better ride and handling as well as the addition of powerful V8 and 4.7L and Quadra-Drive  4X4 system. Although focused on the many strengths design than the previous model, there were only 127 pieces carry over parts.

The revised WJ : 5.7L HEMI  V8 engine and upscale facilities to make all of luxury car buyers envious.


JEEP COMANCHE, JEEP WRANGLER (YJ), JEEP WAGONEER and LAREDO CJ5


HISTORY of : 

JEEP COMANCHE, JEEP WRANGLER (YJ), JEEP  WAGONEER and LAREDO CJ5


HISTORY OF JEEP COMANCHE


The Jeep Comanche  (also called MJ) was a pick-up version of the XJ Cherokee.
Originally the Comanche truck undercarriage boasted identical to the XJ, although you could get a Renault diesel engine 2.1L I-4 for the '86 MJ model.

The Comanche was a vehicle built body, which makes it unique among pickups.

The last Comanche marked the end of the Jeep truck line that began in 1947.


HISTORY OF JEEP WRANGLER (YJ)


The Jeep Wrangler (YJ) replaced the long-lived CJ Series. Had rectangular headlights, wider tires, angular grille and modernized interior. All this made ​​ looked as "civilized" Jeep Wrangler.

Although shared the CJ-7 typical open body profile , Wrangler had few common parts with its famous predecessor. With regard to the mechanics, the Wrangler had more in common with that in Cherokee CJ-7. The Wrangler YJ had square headlights, which were the first (and last) for this type of Jeep vehicle.

The Wrangler versions included: Base ("S" or "SE"), LaredoSahara, Islander, Sport, Renegade and Rio Grande.

On August 5, 1987, about a year after the filing of the Wrangler, American Motors Corporation was purchased by Chrysler Corporation and the popular Jeep brand became part of Chrysler Jeep / Eagle Division.



HISTORY OF JEEP  WAGONEER


The family oriented Wagoneer was a variation on the Cherokee (XJ). It was sold in two versions: the Wagoneer and Wagoneer Limited. Both Wagoneers were distinguished from the Cherokee by their four projectors, with vinyl timber  trim special for Limited. The base model has a better level finish than the XJ Cherokee models, but less than the high-end Limited.

It was available with the "part-time" Command-Trac  or "full-time" Selec-Trac  4WD. Command-Trac featured quarter-on-the-fly capability allows the driver to shift into or out of 4WD while the vehicle is in motion. The sophisticated full-time Selec-Trac is engaged at all times and has a special viscious coupling that eliminating the blinding, or "crow hopping," which occurs when most 4WDs are operated on dry pavement.


HISTORY OF LAREDO CJ5


The Laredo package was offered in the 1980-1986 CJ line.
The typical package includes a grill, fenders, hood emblem, wheels, and chrome accents.

Since then, the name of Laredo has worked in several Jeep models   until this day, and came to represent a set of upper middle trim with stylish accents.


HISTORY of 1980S J-10 TRUCK , 1980S GRAND WAGONEER and JEEP CHEROKEE

Friday, 19 July 2013


HISTORY of 1980S J-10 TRUCK , 1980S GRAND WAGONEER and JEEP CHEROKEE



J-10 TRUCK 1980S HISTORY



In 1971, Jeep trucks lost the name and  appeared Gladiator J-10 models (119 inches) or J-20 (131 inches). Improvements included front disc brakes, a new front axle, six-stud wheels and heavier frame cross members.
The truck line J-10 J-Series versions included Honcho, Golden Eagle and 10-4.
J-20 was the largest van GVW (gross vehicle weight), with capacities of more than half a ton to a ton and even with dual rear wheel configuration.
In the years of J-Series trucks were also produced J-30 Series.
All trucks shared the same body design that Jeep Wagoneer and Cherokee, from the cab forward, and offered with flat sided body or side steps.
10-4 The versions produced from 1974 to 1983. The 1978 package consisted mostly of color options and details, the 10-4 package also offered a CB radio factory installed option.
Produced in 1977-1983, the Golden Eagle package includes a grille guard, fog, pick-up bar mat, eight-inch wheels, denim seats, accent stripes and an eagle hood decal driving - all for a premium of $ 749.


1980S GRAND WAGONEER HISTORY


The full-size Wagoneer SJ was retained until 1991, but under the name "Grand Wagoneer".
Marketed as a luxury SUV, was also one of the last vehicles sold in North America with a carburetor.
The 1991 model was available with an emblem of "Final Edition" on the board.
He was considered "the maximum reference in the SUV market"



JEEP CHEROKEE HISTORY


After AMC convinced that the future compact SUVs were the manufacturer invested $ 250 million in the design and production of the new compact sports wagon XJ Cherokee and Wagoneer. XJ designs back to 1978 when a team of AMC and Renault engineers drew sketches and made ​​clay models from SJ Cherokee, but the new XJ series had its well-received debut in 1984, winning awards for "4x4 of the year "of the three major magazines SUV.
The 1984 model of the Jeep Cherokee is a revolutionary car: 21 inches shorter, 6 inches narrower, 4 inches shorter, and 1,000 pounds lighter than the full-size Wagoneer (SJ). It was manufactured with a revolutionary integrated body instead of the traditional chassis and frame.
The XJ was the first vehicle with two available 4X4 systems: Command-Trac part-time Selec-Trac full-time 4X4. XJs have consistently popular among fans of 4X4 ​​off-road capabilities and wide availability of aftermarket modifications. Until 1988, the Cherokee was the only compact SUV models offering two and four doors. Originally equipped with the option of a 2.5L engine and four-cylinder or a 2.8L V-6, the venerable 4.0L inline six-cylinder and debuted in 1987.
There were 14 models during the years: Base, SE, Briarwood, Wagoneer Limited,  Pioneer, Chief, Pioneer Olympic Edition,  Sport, Classic, Country,  Laredo, Limited,  Freedom and 60th Anniversary Edition.
 

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